British Wildflowers – Scarlet Pimpernel

Scarlet pimpernel – a small flower with a big and famous name. A low sprawling plant with bright red flowers about 10mm across. All parts of the plant are poisonous and contain glucopyranoside cucurbitacins (Arvenins I to IV). Consumption can cause stomach upsets, trembling and kidney damage. (Source:

Scarlet pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis): picture taken with a Panasonic TZ30 Camera
Scarlet pimpernel: Picture taken with a Panasonic TZ30 camera

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British Wildflowers – Great Mullein


Great mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is a robust, upright plant that is covered with thick white woolly hairs. It is commonly found in grassland, and verges. The flowers are produced on an upright stalk and are usually bright yellow in colour.

Great mullein (Verbascum thapsus) – a member of the figwort family of plants.

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British Wildflowers – Birds-Foot Trefoil

A common sight in British grasslands and meadows. In high season, whole fields seem coated in yellow.  These plants, also called Lotus corniculatus, belong to the same family as the pea.

Common Bird’s-foot trefoil
Macro-view of Common Bird’s-foot trefoil flowers.

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British Wild Flowers – Thistles

Following on from my earlier post on wildflowers in the United Kingdom, here are the thistles.

Spear Thistle (Cirsium vulgare) – a common variety of thistle in the UK, being visited by a bumblebee
Greater Knapweed (Centaurea scabiosa) – invaluable to bees and butterflies. South and East England
Creeping Thistle (Cirsium arvense) – common throughout Europe.

Creeping thistle seeds – silky feathers that carry the seeds long distances in the wind.

Click on any of the pictures above to see a full-size image. I hope you like the post and the pictures. I welcome your comments.

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British Wild Flowers

Have you ever wished you knew the name of that plant with those bright flowers that you encounter in the countryside, or even your backyard? Even if the plant were a weed you wanted desperately be rid of, wouldn’t it be nice to kill it after you knew what its name? Some people tell me there’s no fun in classification as it spoils the enjoyment that can be had by just admiring what nature gives to us. Isn’t that a bit like saying “I love this beautiful town, but I don’t really want to know where I am!“. Giving names to things we see is, to me at least, a means by which we make sense of the world around us, communicate with others, and have a common platform for exchange of information and knowledge.

My lunchtime walks in South Cambridgeshire often take me across hedgerows, fallow fields, meadows and suchlike. In the summer, these abound with myriad flowers and plants of various sizes, hues and colours. Barring the most coarse of classifications – “that looks a bit like a daisy” or “probably related to the pea family” – I didn’t have a clue on what these were called. As someone who regularly carries a camera, it was most dispiriting not to know what flower one was taking a picture of. I recently bought an excellent guide of British Wild Flowers by Paul Sterry and used it to identify the flowers that follow. There is also this brilliant website – that is very useful in identifying wild flowers.

Musk Mallow (Molva moschata) – Common in dry-grassy places. Flowers 3-6cm across.
Common Mallow (Malva sylvestris) – Another member of the Malvaceae family. Flowers 25mm across, purple veined flowers with plants about 1-1.5m tall.

Another flower that I see everywhere these days is the Great Willowherb (Epilobium hirsutum). The plants are between 1-2m tall and have lots of purple flowers with white insides and a 4-lobed stigma.

Great Willowherb flower (common and widespread in the UK)
Common centaury (Centaurium erythraea) – from the same family (Gentianaceae) that gives us name gentian blue.. Flowers 10-15mm across on plants that are no more than a foot tall.

Bindweed – Convolvulaceae

The scourge of the english garden, I didn’t realise that there are different sorts of this member of the morning-glory family of mostly creeping plants.  Easily identified by their funnel-shaped flowers. The convolvulaceae also include food bearing plants like sweet-potato (Ipomoea batatas).  Here are two of the bindweed family (one of these is slowly killing my hedge as well!).

Calystegia sepium (Hedge Bindweed) – A perennial weed but nice trumpet flowers
Field Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) – flowers are slightly tinged with pink.

Campion: I see this plant with its funny flowers almost everywhere (they have this rather bulbous base which makes it look like the flower squeezing  out), only I didn’t know what its name.

White campion (Silene latifolia) – an exceeding common plant in the UK.
Sideways view of a white campion flower (Silene latifolia).

That concludes my first foray into wild flowers in Britain. As I seem to have many more unidentified flowers in my collection, it looks like I have some more reading to do! If, like me, you’ve been ignorant of the sheer variety of wild plants in your neighbourhood, I hope I’ve provided some initiative for you to get out and find out what they are.

And I welcome your comments!